What does FASD look like?

FASD or Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders is an umbrella term that includes such diagnoses as FAS (Fetal Alcohol Syndrome) which is indicated by facial dysmorphology and other physical anomalies; pFAS (Partial FAS) with less pronounced physical features; ARND (Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder) where the brain damage can be as debilitating but physical anomalies are not observable. These disorders can vary from one extreme to another depending on the timing and amount of alcohol use by the birth mother. FASD is usually identified by impulsive behaviours, inability to predict consequences, inability to learn from experience and other cognitive reasoning incapacities.